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Easily learn verb conjugations with Coniuno
Easily learn verb conjugations with Coniuno
Conjugate verbs with Coniuno
Conjugate verbs in German, Dutch, English, French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, and Latin
Conjugate verbs in German, Dutch, English, French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, and Latin
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Administer irregular verb-infos, Latin


For general information, please see: administer irregular verb-infos, general


The following settings can be done for Latin verbs:

  • Model I (are-verbs)

    Coniuno recognises all verbs that end on "are" automatically as verbs of Model I (a-conjugation). Per default Coniuno builds such verbs using the v-perfect. "are"-verbs that are not built with the v-perfect (e.g. u-perfect) have to be included in this list.

    Coniuno recognises deponent verbs of Model I by their "ari"-ending and builds these verbs like stated in conjugation rules. If the verb does not follow the standard forms given in conjugation rules then it must be included in this list (note an entry is given as: verb, present, perfect active (always "-"), perfect passive).

    Also see notes at the end of this chapter.

  • Model II (ere-verbs)

    Coniuno recognises all verbs that end on "ere" automatically as verbs of Model II (e-conjugation). Per default Coniuno builds such verbs using the u-perfect. "ere"-verbs that are not built with the u-perfect (e.g. v-perfect or s-perfect) have to be included in this list.

    Coniuno recognises deponent verbs of Model I by their "eri"-ending and builds these verbs like stated in conjugation rules. If the verb does not follow the standard forms given in conjugation rules then it must be included in this list (note an entry is given as: verb, present, perfect active (always "-"), perfect passive).

    Also see notes at the end of this chapter.

  • Model III (consonant conjugation)

    Verbs that are built following the Model III (consonant conjugation) must be included in this list. "ere"-verbs not included in this list are recognised as Model II (e-conjugation) verbs.

    Coniuno recognises deponent verbs of Model III if they are indicated in this list (note an entry is given as: verb, present, perfect active (always "-"), perfect passive).

    Also see notes at the end of this chapter.

  • Model III-io (short-vocal conjugation)

    Verbs that are built following the Model III-io (short-vocal conjugation) must be included in this list. "ere"-verbs not included in this list are recognised as Model II (e-conjugation) verbs.

    Coniuno recognises deponent verbs of Model III-io if they are indicated in this list (note an entry is given as: verb, present, perfect active (always "-"), perfect passive).

    Also see notes at the end of this chapter.

  • Model IV (IRE)

    Coniuno recognises all verbs that end on "ire" automatically as verbs of Model IV (long-vocal-i-conjugation). Per default Coniuno builds such verbs using the v/u-perfect. "ire"-verbs that are not built with the v/u-perfect (e.g. s-perfect) have to be included in this list.

    Coniuno recognises deponent verbs of Model IV by their "iri"-ending and builds these verbs like stated in conjugation rules. If the verb does not follow the standard forms given in conjugation rules then it must be included in this list (note an entry is given as: verb, present, perfect active (always "-"), perfect passive).

    Also see notes at the end of this chapter.

  • IRREG_ESSE

    In this list are all verbs that are built like the irregular "esse"-verb.

  • IRREG_FERRE

    In this list are all verbs that are built like the irregular "ferre"-verb.

  • IRREG_IRE

    In this list are all verbs that are built like the irregular "ire"-verb. Verbs that are ending on ire and that are not included in this list are recognised as verbs of Model IV (long-vocal-i-conjugation).

Notes

Format for normal verbs and deponent-verbs

The format of normal verbs is:


              verb,   present-active, perfect-active, participle perfect passive
              ------------------------------------------------------------------
        e.g.  dare,   do,             dedi,           datum
        
        
        

For deponent-verbs however the format is:


              verb,   present-active, perfect-active, participle perfect passive
              ------------------------------------------------------------------
        e.g.  videri, videor,         -,              visus sum
         or   videri, videor,         -,              visus
        
        

The final "sum" in the perfect passive is not mandatory. It just serves for better readability of the verb-info file (more easy to find deponent verbs again).

Semi-deponent-verbs

Semi-deponent verbs do not have to be given in the lists above, as they are recognised by the program automatically. The following semi-deponent-verbs are supported:

Semi-Deponent-verbs of Model II (ere-conjugation)


         verb        present      perfect active  perfect passive
        ----------------------------------------------------------
         audere      audeo        -               ausus sum
         gaudere     gaudeo       -               gavisus sum
         solere      soleo        -               solitus sum
         
        
        

Semi-deponent-verbs of Model III (consonant conjugation)


         verb        present      perfect active  perfect passive
        ----------------------------------------------------------
         fidere      fido         -               fisus sum
         confidere   confido      -               confisus sum
         diffidere   diffido      -               diffisus sum
         reverti     reverto      reverti         reversus sum
        
        


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Copyright © Helmut Bischoff 2005-2020. All rights reserved
 
Copyright H.Bischoff 2005-2018. All rights reserved