Easily learn verb conjugations with Coniuno
Easily learn verb conjugations with Coniuno
Conjugate verbs with Coniuno
Conjugate verbs in German, Dutch, English, French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, and Latin
Conjugate verbs in German, Dutch, English, French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, and Latin

  Coniuno, Overview

  First Steps
  Verbfiles, Verbsets and Verb-infos
  Coniuno Modules
  Help on conjugation of verbs
  Coniuno Extras
  Additional functions
  Conjugation rules
  Further Information

Administer training-verbsets of the current verbfile

Activating the function: menu "Edit", "Verbset Administration (current verbfile)"

Hint: for information regarding working with verbfiles, also see "working with verbfiles".


Coniuno provides six verbsets per verbfile, which can be used to store training verbs. For performing a training, select one of the verbsets and Coniuno will randomly choose from it verbs (and conjugation forms).

The following training-verbsets are supported:

  • verbset 1
  • verbset 2
  • verbset 3
  • verbset 4
  • verbset 5
  • example verbs

After installation, the verbsets "verbset 1, 2 and 3" contain small selections of verbs. The idea behind these verbsets is to store small groups of verbs (e.g. around 25 verbs each), which enable a convenient, not too complicated training. The verbset "example verbs" contains around 200 German, Dutch, English, French, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish and Latin verbs, which on one hand can be used for training and which on the other hand can serve as "idea-pool" to fill up the verbsets with training-verbs.

Reflexive verbs are supported as described below (for further examples, also see the help for the respective conjugation tables):

        German:        sich + verb      (e.g. sich beeilen)
        Dutch:         zich + verb      (e.g. zich wassen)
        English:       verb + oneself   (e.g. to shave oneself)
        French:        se/s' + verb     (e.g. s'avancer)
        Italian:       verb + si        (e.g. mantenersi)
        Portuguese:    verb + se        (e.g. lavarse)
        Spanish:       verb + se        (e.g. resfriarse)
        Latin:         not supported

You can edit all six training verbsets, add new verbs and delete verbs.

Hint: Per verbset a maximum number of 1000 verbs can be stored.

Certain verbs need additional indications that are needed to conjugate the verbs correctly, like for example the information whether a French verb is conjugated like "finir" or whether an Italian verb is conjugated like "finire". Coniuno already provides broad lists of such verbs. However it might be necessary that you complete these lists for entirely new verbs (also see: administer irregular verb-infos).

A training-verbset can contain verbs of all languages, however this is not a must. During training Coniuno filters out those verbs, which are not available in the current languages. If a selected verbset does not contain any verbs at all for the current language, then an according error message is shown and the training cannot be done.

The verbsets are used by all training languages in common, can however be pre-defined per language with help of menu "Extras, Options", German, Dutch, English, French, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish or Latin. That means, a possible configuration would be "verbset 1" for training of French verbs, "verbset 2" for training of Italian verbs and "example verbs" as pool for all available verbs. Using menu Extras, Options "verbset 1" can be assigned to French and "verbset 2" can be assigned to Italian.

Coniuno stores the verbs of all training-verbsets per default in the verbfile "coniuno_verbs.ini" (text-file). This file is stored in the installation directory of Coniuno, in case you want to do backup-copies (normally C:\program files\Coniuno\Coniuno 1.2…). If you want to work with own verbfiles (also see "working with verbfiles"), then Coniuno stores the verbsets in the currently opened verbfile.

Hint: Backup-copies can also be done using the import/ export-functions.

Administer training-verbsets

In the upper area of the screen "Administer Training Verbsets" are located two combo-boxes. The left box contains the six training verbsets. Use this box to select the verbset that you want to edit. In the beginning the verbset is shown that is currently used for training. If later on you leave this function again and if you have edited a verbset different from the lastly trained one, then Coniuno asks if the training shall be continued with the new training-verbset. Independent from this you can also change the training-verbset using the respective language-options (German, Dutch, English, French, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish or Latin).

The right combo-box allows the sorting of the selected training-verbset with respect to the chosen language. When started the sort-box is empty, as Coniuno does not check if a newly loaded verbset is already sorted.

Below the two combo-boxes is a table, in which the verbs of the respective training-verbset are displayed. Here the German verbs, then the Dutch, the English, the French, the Italian, the Portuguese, the Spanish and finally the Latin verbs are stored. If a verb is not available in one language, then the corresponding entry in the table remains empty (empty or a dash "-").

In the following part you'll find an example table of verbset "verbset 1".

With this configuration for example an English => French training of the verbs "leave", "remember", "eat" and "walk" would be possible. French => Italian training would be possible for "partir", "manger" and "aller". All languages can train their very own verbs independent from all other languages, which means for example all German verbs in a German => German training.

It is possible to copy single or several verbs from one verbset to another. For this purpose first mark those verbs that shall be copied (hold left-mouse-click and draw area to mark) and then do the actual copying by either:

Right-mouse-click in the area of the table. A menu is shown with the following sub-entries:

- send selected fields to <verbset> the selected verbs are copied and then pasted at the end of the corresponding verbset
- copy: the marked verbs are copied
- paste: the earlier copied verbs are pasted at the end of the verbset
- delete: the marked verbs are deleted. Always the verbs are deleted in all languages.


The sub-entry "send selected fields to <verbset>" is particularly useful, if you want to copy several verbs from a training-verbset into another training-verbset, as you don't need to always change the verbset manually during copy and paste.

It is not possible to send marked verbs to the very same verbset. Instead use the functions "copy" and "paste".

Empty lines / fields are not copied. To add new verbs, use the button "Add" at the right side of the screen instead.

Symbols (e.g. á, ß, ñ) can be added using the function Insert symbols and Insert symbols, keyboard shortcuts.

Die Symbol-Bar eventually informs about the current number of verbs in the training verbset as well whether changes on the training verbset have been done ("mod"(ified)).

Operating the module from the main program's symbol bar

For editing the verbsets from the symbol bar a number of functions is available. These functions are:

Button Description Short-Cut keys
save verb file Ctrl + S
print verb file Ctrl + P
set cursor to the next free line -
delete marked line(s) -
delete double lines -
copy marked cells Ctrl + C
paste copied cells Ctrl + V
delete marked cells Ctrl + Delete


If a training-verbset was modified that influences the current training-session, then Coniuno automatically chooses the next verb after the verbset-administration has been closed, in order to directly consider the changes.

Copyright © Helmut Bischoff 2005-2020. All rights reserved
Copyright H.Bischoff 2005-2018. All rights reserved