Easily learn verb conjugations with Coniuno
Easily learn verb conjugations with Coniuno
Conjugate verbs with Coniuno
Conjugate verbs in German, Dutch, English, French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, and Latin
Conjugate verbs in German, Dutch, English, French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, and Latin

  Coniuno, Overview

  First Steps
  Verbfiles, Verbsets and Verb-infos
  Coniuno Modules
  Help on conjugation of verbs
  Coniuno Extras
  Additional functions
  Conjugation rules
  Further Information

Verb Selection, Card Boxes

Activating the function: menu "Modules", "Verb Selection, Card Boxes".


Coniuno provides comfortable statistics functions, which allow the explicit training of difficult verbs. Depending on how often you entered certain verbs correctly, Coniuno increases or decreases the frequency of testing these verbs.

Coniuno defines the following five card boxes, in which all verbs are included:

Box 1: 0 to 5 times known correctly (default box for new/not trained verbs)
Box 2: 6 to 10 times known correctly
Box 3: 11 to 15 times known correctly
Box 4: 16 to 20 times known correctly
Box 5: 21 to 25 times known correctly

New, untrained verbs (0 times known) are inserted in box 1 by default (0 to 5 times known correctly). If a verb is entered correctly, then the verb's counter is increased by 1. By that the verb is slowly moving in direction of box 5. Box 5 is the highest box in which a verb also remains, even if it was entered correctly more than 25 times. On the other hand a verb can at maximum fall to box 1 if entered wrongly. You can adjust the limits of the the five boxes according to your needs.

In addition to that Coniuno offers the possibility to influence the test-frequency of the boxes. Here box 5 is taken as reference box with a test-frequency of 1 (this value is not changeable). All other boxes can either be tested with the same frequency or more frequent than box 5 (values 1 to 9).

By default, the following frequency distribution applies:

Box 1: 7
Box 2: 5
Box 3: 3
Box 4: 2
Box 5: 1 (fixed)

The sum of the frequencies in this case is 7 + 5 + 3 + 2 + 1 = 18.

From that the selection frequency (in percent) calculates to:

Box 1: 7/18 = 38,89%
Box 2: 5/18 = 27,78%
Box 3: 3/18 = 16,67%
Box 4: 2/18 = 11,11%
Box 5: 1/18 = 5,56%

That means, during training Coniuno would choose 38.89% of the tested verbs from box 1, 27.78% of the verbs would be taken from box 2, 16.67% of the verbs from box 3 and so on. If a box gets empty, then this box will simply be skipped. A re-calculation of the test-frequencies does not apply in this case.

Due to rounding-errors it is possible that the sum of the frequencies (in percent) deviates slightly from 100% (e.g. 99.98%).

Operating the verb selection-functions

In the upper area of the screen "Verb Selection, Card Boxes" you'll find the label "Statistics File". Here you can see the currently loaded statistics file. By default this is the file "Coniuno_statistics.ini", which is stored in the installation directory (e.g. C:\program files\Coniuno\Coniuno 2.1…). Usually Coniuno uses this file to store the number of correctly known verbs. You have though the possibility to create own, new statistics files, which is particularly useful in case you want to train the same language with more than one user. You could in this case for example use the statistics files "Statistics_Sally.ini" and "Statistics_Frank.ini" etc and load the corresponding file before starting the actual training. selection box "Training-language". Here you can choose for which language the statistical data shall be shown. By default this is the currently trained language.

Directly located below is the selection list "Training Language". Here you can choose for which training language statistical data shall be shown. Per default this is the currently seleced training language. Also in this window the indication is given how many verbs from the training language have already been trained.

Two buttons enable showing the list of trained verbs ("show verblist") as well as provide means to load or create another statistics file ("Load/New File"). To create a new statistics file click the button "Load/New File" and enter the name of the new file.

Located further below are the options to defin how the verbs are selected.

In the group box "Verb Selection" you can define the general selection behaviour. Here the following options are supported:

  1. Choose verbs based on percentage distribution (default setting)
  2. always from box [1..5]
  3. random (don't consider statistics)

If option 1 is chosen, then Coniuno selects the verbs according to the percentage distribution of the five boxes. This distribution can be adjusted on the right side of the module's window (also see "General" notes above).
If option 2 is chosen, then Coniuno always takes the verbs from the selected box.
With option 3 the selection of the verbs is done over all five boxes without taking correct/wrong counters into consideration.

Located beneath is the group of switches "behaviour if verb was wrong". The following settings can be done:

  1. if verb is wrong, only counter -1 (default setting)
  2. if verb is wrong, one box back
  3. if verb is wrong, directly to box 1

If 1 is chosen, the verb's counter will be reduced by one. The verb is moving from box 5 in direction to box 1.
If 2 is chosen, the verb will directly be moved one box back, e.g. from box 5 to box 4 or from box 2 to box 1.
If 3 is chosen, the verb is directly moved to box 1. If the verb is already in box 1, then no changes apply.

In the lower area located is a graphical presentation of the already trained verbs from the current language. This graphic serves for a better overview about the already trained verbs in the boxes 1 to 5.

Right beside the graphic are the buttons:

  • Delete statistics

    The function "delete statistics" removes all verbs of the current training language from the current statistics file. All verbs of the training language by this are seen as untrained / new verbs and will be handled by box 1.

  • Default Values

    The default values for verb selection are restored

  • Help

    The help file is opened

  • Ok

    The function "ok" stores the current settings and returns to the main program.

Copyright © Helmut Bischoff 2005-2020. All rights reserved
Copyright H.Bischoff 2005-2018. All rights reserved