Easily learn verb conjugations with Coniuno
Easily learn verb conjugations with Coniuno
Conjugate verbs with Coniuno
Conjugate verbs in German, Dutch, English, French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, and Latin
Conjugate verbs in German, Dutch, English, French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, and Latin

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  Further Information

Options, German

Activating the function: menu "Modules", "Conjugation Training, Options", "German"
(also see help for options, general and options, passive)

The following German-specific settings can be done:

Allowed tenses for training

With help of this option you can define which tenses shall be selectable for Coniuno when training the German language. You can select/deselect each tense separately in order to adjust a training to exactly your training-wishes. If for example you only want to train Present and Future I, then deactivate all other tenses. Coniuno will only build sentences from these two tenses.

The tenses are divided in the groups:

  • Indikativ
  • Konjunktiv
  • Konditional
  • Others

The group "Others" contains the tenses:

  • Partizip
  • Gerundium
  • Imperativ

An additional switch "(de)select all" allows the activation, respectively deactivation of all tenses.

During a training Coniuno first randomly chooses a German verb and afterwards randomly chooses one of the allowed tenses. Afterwards the also random choice of the person is done (singular 1..3, plural 1..3).

If all tenses are deactivated (means no tense is allowed), then all buttons on the main-screen are "deactivated". A training of the chosen language (here German) is not possible anymore.

The group "Indikativ" consists of 6 tenses, the group "Konditional" however of only 2 tenses. Imperativ and Gerundium consist of only one tense each. To achieve a fair distribution of tested conjugations, Coniuno does a weighting of the chosen tenses.

An example:
From the Indikativ-group four tenses, from the Konditional-group only "Konditional I" is allowed. Coniuno thus will try to ask four questions from the area of Indikativ and one question from the area of Konditional. If now also the "Konditional II" is allowed, then Coniuno will try to ask one Konditional-question with every second Indikativ-questions already. As Coniuno works with probabilities here and not with exact counters it can however come to slight deviations.

Build Konjunktiv with "mögen / würden"

If this function is activated then the Konjunktiv I, Konjunktiv Perfekt and Konjunktiv II are built using the verbs "mögen" (Konjunktiv I and Konjunktiv Perfekt), respectively "würden" (Konjunktiv II). These forms are especially used when doing a training of German-Latin language.

If this function is not activated, then the Konjunktiv-forms are built analogue to the Indikativ-forms.

Allowed persons for training

Here you can define which persons Coniuno shall select when training German verbs. The following persons can be combined:

  • Singular I
  • Singular II
  • Singular III
  • Plural I
  • Plural II
  • Plural III

This option is particularly useful in case you want to train one (or several) persons in more than one tense. For example activate all tenses of the Indikativ and as only allowed person the plural II. Coniuno will now train only plural II with you using the tenses Präsens, Präteritum etc.

An additional switch "(de)select all persons" allows the activation respectively deactivation of all persons.

Further settings

With help of this option you can influence the specific behaviour of Coniuno when training the German language.

The following options are available:

  • Training-Verbset

    The training-verbset defined here is used by Coniuno to take the random choice of German verbs.
    The training-verbsets "verbset 1", "verbset 2", "verbset 3", "verbset 4", "verbset 5" as well as "example verbs" are disposable. In all training-verbsets changes can be done, like for example adding new verbs.
    The respectively chosen training-verbset is shown in the second status-panel of the main-screen during training.

  • Verb forms

    "Verb forms" can be used to define whether Coniuno shall only check for "female verb-forms", "male verbforms" or for both female- and male verb-forms. As in German both forms are built in the same way, this has only an effect on the personal pronoun (er/sie).

  • Personal pronoun

    This point was added to simplify the training. Three options exist:

    • check: the relative personal pronoun must be entered as part of the solution in the solution edit-field of the main-screen.

    • add: the relative personal pronoun is added by Coniuno in the solution edit-field of the main-screen.

      Searched for is the plural I, Perfekt from "gehen", means "wir sind gegangen".
      In the solution edit-field appears: "wir "

    • ignore: the relative personal pronoun does not need to be entered as part of the solution. Coniuno adds it itself, does however not show it in the solution edit-field. If you enter the personal pronoun anyway then Coniuno will check if it was correct.

      Searched for is the singular 2, Indikativ Präsens from "gehen", means "du gehst".
      Coniuno does not show a personal pronoun in the solution edit-field, however the entered solution "gehst" is counted as correct solution. Coniuno will show the complete solution ("du gehst") in the information-field for you to re-check.
      If however you enter the complete solution yourself already ("du gehst"), then Coniuno does not add the personal pronoun again, but counts the solution as correct.
      If for example you enter "wir gehen", then Coniuno does not turn this into "du wir gehen", but informs you instead: "wrong verbform, plural I" (for more information also see error analysis).

      Hint: This function is particularly useful when training the French language as here the personal pronouns can become quite long.

  • Switzerland (keep ss)

    This option has been added for a correct conjugation of Swiss-German verbs. Here it should be avoided that "ss" is turned into "ß", which is not used in Switzerland.
    If the option is deactivated (default), then in Präteritum and Konjunktiv II the "ss" is turned into "ß" - this is following the German (Germany) conjugation rules.
    If the option is activated, then "ss" is kept instead - this is following the German (Switzerland) conjugation rules.

    Hint 1: To be able to train such verbs correctly in Swiss German, the verbs have to be added with "ss" to the list of strong verbs (also see administer irregular verb-infos).

    Hint 2: Verbs that are given with "ß" are not influenced by this option!


    1. the verb "essen" (to eat):

      The verb "essen" is becoming "ich aß" etc. in German (Germany). In order to train the verb following German (Germany) conjugation rules, leave the option deactivated. The "ss" is turned into "ß".

      In order to train the verb following German (Switzerland) conjugation rules, activate the option. The verb is becoming "ich ass" etc. by that.

    2. the verb "abreißen/abreissen" (to pull off):

      German (Germany): abreißen
      German (Switzerland):abreissen

      • If the verb shall be trained as "abreißen" (Germany), then this option has no effect as Coniuno recognises automatically the "ß" in the verb and applies German (Germany) conjugation rules (same as deactivated option).

      • If the verb shall be trained as "abreissen" (Switzerland), then it must be avoided that Coniuno changes the "ss" to "ß". For that purpose, activate the option.

        => abreissen, ich riss ab, du rissest ab etc.

  • Check symbols

    This point was added to simplify the typing-work a bit.
    If this option is activated then all symbols (e.g. ä or ß) will be checked. If this option is not activated, then Coniuno accepts beside the symbols also the "normal" characters.

    That means:

    a = ä
    o = ö
    u = ü
    ss = ß

    (the same applies for A, E...)

    If you enter a correct solution in which at least one symbol was replaced by a normal character, then this is counted as correct solution (counter +1). Coniuno informs in the field "information" about the completely correct solution.


    Independent of this option, Coniuno understands always an ä if given as ae, an ö as oe, an ü as ue and an ß as ss.

Copyright © Helmut Bischoff 2005-2020. All rights reserved
Copyright H.Bischoff 2005-2018. All rights reserved