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Easily learn verb conjugations with Coniuno
Easily learn verb conjugations with Coniuno
Conjugate verbs with Coniuno
Conjugate verbs in German, Dutch, English, French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, and Latin
Conjugate verbs in German, Dutch, English, French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, and Latin
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  Coniuno, Overview

  First Steps
  Verbfiles, Verbsets and Verb-infos
  Coniuno Modules
  Help on conjugation of verbs
  Coniuno Extras
  Additional functions
  Options
  Conjugation rules
  Further Information

Options, Portuguese


Activating the function: menu "Modules", "Conjugation Training, Options", "Portuguese"
(also see help for options, general and options, passive)


The following Portuguese-specific settings can be done:


Allowed tenses for training

With help of this option you can define which tenses shall be selectable for Coniuno when training the Portuguese language. You can select/deselect each tense separately in order to adjust a training to exactly your training-wishes. If for example you only want to train Presente and Futuro Simples, then deactivate all other tenses. Coniuno will only build sentences from these two tenses.

The tenses are divided in the groups:

  • Indicativo
  • Conjuntivo
  • Condicional
  • Andere

The group "Others" contains the tenses:

  • Particípio
  • Gerúndio
  • Imperativo

An additional switch "(de)select all" allows the activation, respectively deactivation of all tenses.

During a training Coniuno firstly randomly chooses a Portuguese verb and afterwards randomly chooses one of the allowed tenses. Afterwards the also random choice of the person is done (singular 1..3, plural 1..3). Nowadays for plural 2 and plural 3 identical forms are used in Portuguese. To however enable a training with other languages, both, plural 2 and plural 3 are supported with identical contents.

If all tenses are deactivated (means no tense is allowed), then all buttons on the main-screen are "deactivated". A training of the chosen language (here Portuguese) is not possible anymore.

To enable a training with other languages, the tenses "Pretérito Perfeito" and "Pretérito Perfeito Composto" are combined (corresponds to the English Present Perfect). Either one of both tenses can be given. For advises when which of the two tenses has to be used, please refer to the respective literature. The same applies for the tenses "Pretérito Mais-Que-Perfeito" and "Pretérito Mais-Que-Perfeito Composto", which correspond to the English Past Perfect.

The group "Indicativo" consists of 8 tenses, the group "Condicional" however of only 2 tenses. Imperativo and Particípio consist of only one tense each. To achieve a fair distribution of tested conjugations, Coniuno does a weighting of the chosen tenses.

An example:
From the Indicativo-group four tenses, from the Condicional-group only Condicional Simples is allowed. Coniuno thus will try to ask four questions from the area of Indicativo and one question from the area of Condicional. If now also the Condicional Composto is allowed, then Coniuno will try to ask one Condicional-question with every second Indicativo-questions already. As Coniuno works with probabilities here and not with exact counters it can however come to slight deviations.


Allowed persons for training

Here you can define which persons Coniuno shall select when training Portuguese verbs. The following persons can be combined:

  • Singular I
  • Singular II
  • Singular III
  • Plural I
  • Plural II
  • Plural III

This option is particularly useful in case you want to train one (or several) persons in more than one tense. For example activate all tenses of the Indicative and as only allowed person the plural II. Coniuno will now train only plural II with you using the tenses Presente, Pretérito Imperfeito etc.

An additional switch "(de)select all persons" allows the activation respectively deactivation of all persons.


Further settings

With help of this option you can influence the specific behaviour of Coniuno when training the Portuguese language.

The following options are available:

  • Training-Verbset

    The training-verbset defined here is used by Coniuno to take the random choice of Portuguese verbs.
    The training-verbsets "verbset 1", "verbset 2", "verbset 3", "verbset 4", "verbset 5" as well as "example verbs" are disposable. In all training-verbsets changes can be done, like for example adding new verbs.
    The respectively chosen training-verbset is shown in the second status-panel of the main-screen during training.

  • Verb forms

    "Verb forms" can be used to define whether Coniuno shall only check for "female verb-forms", "male verbforms" or for both female- and male verb-forms. This is applicable when building verbs in their passive-forms (also see conjugation rules, Portuguese).

  • Check symbols

    This point was added to simplify the typing-work a bit.

    If this option is activated then all symbols (e.g. ê or ã) will be checked. If this option is not activated, then Coniuno accepts beside the symbols also the "normal" characters.

    That means:

    a = á, à, â, ã
    e = é, è, ê
    i = í, ì, î
    o = ó, ò, ô, õ
    u = ú, ù, û
    c = ç

    (the same applies for A, E...)

    If you enter a correct solution in which at least one symbol was replaced by a normal character, then this is counted as correct solution (counter +1). Coniuno informs in the field "information" about the completely correct solution.

    Example:

    Searched for is the plural 2, Indicativo Presente from "estar", means "estão".
    If the function is activated then the solution "estao" or "estão" is counted as correct.

    • Sing II = Sing III

      If this option is activated, then Coniuno builds the singular III and uses it for the singular II- and singular III forms. If this option is not activated, then the singular II forms are built instead.

    • Plur II = Plur III

      If this option is activated, then Coniuno builds the plural III and uses it for the plural II- and plural III forms. If this option is not activated, then the nowadays not so popular plural II forms are built instead.



Support:
Webmaster:
support@coniuno.com
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Copyright © Helmut Bischoff 2005-2018. All rights reserved
 
Copyright H.Bischoff 2005-2018. All rights reserved