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Easily learn verb conjugations with Coniuno
Easily learn verb conjugations with Coniuno
Conjugate verbs with Coniuno
Conjugate verbs in German, Dutch, English, French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, and Latin
Conjugate verbs in German, Dutch, English, French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, and Latin
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  Coniuno, verb table German

  General Information
  Regular verbs
  Verb-irregularities
  Irregular verbs
  Appendix
reflexive verb building, rules

Reflexive verbs


Coniuno uses the rules listed here to build reflexive verbs.

  1. Coniuno recognises reflexive verbs from the syntax: sich + verb, e.g. "sich freuen" => "ich habe mich gefreut" or "sich begegnen" => "ich bin mir begegnet".
  2. Accusative-reflexive verbs (Singular I/II is built with "mich/dich"), are always conjugated using auxiliary verb "haben", e.g. "ich habe mich rasiert" ("wen hast du rasiert?" => "mich").
  3. Dative-reflexive verbs (Singular I/II is built with "mir/dir"), can either be conjugated with auxiliary verb "haben" or "sein", depending on, whether the verb itself is conjugated with "haben" or "sein", e.g. "sich danken" => "ich habe mir gedankt" ("wem hast du gedankt?" => "mir"), however "sich begegnen" => "ich bin mir begegnet" ("wem bist du begegnet?" => "mir").
  4. Coniuno always builds the reflexive verbs like real reflexive verbs, which means "ich => mich", "du => dich", er => sich" and so on.
    With real reflexive verbs the reflexive pronoun and the personal pronoun are always referring to the same person, e.g. "ich freue mich", but not "ich freue euch". With unreal reflexive verbs, the person can differ, for example "ich wasche mich", "ich wasche dich", and so on.

Accusative-reflexive verbs receive the following extensions:

Simple tenses


        Singular I     Pers Pron + [verb] + mich
        Singular II    Pers Pron + [verb] + dich
        Singular III   Pers Pron + [verb] + sich
        Plural I       Pers Pron + [verb] + uns
        Plural II      Pers Pron + [verb] + euch
        Plural III     Pers Pron + [verb] + sich
        

Example: Indikativ Präteritum, Singular II of "sich rasieren" = "du rasiertest dich"

Composed tenses


        Singular I     Pers Pron + [haben] + mich + Partizip II (verb)
        Singular II    Pers Pron + [haben] + dich + Partizip II (verb)
        Singular III   Pers Pron + [haben] + sich + Partizip II (verb)
        Plural I       Pers Pron + [haben] + uns  + Partizip II (verb)
        Plural II      Pers Pron + [haben] + euch + Partizip II (verb)
        Plural III     Pers Pron + [haben] + sich + Partizip II (verb)
        

Example: Indikativ Perfekt, Singular II of "sich rasieren" = "du hast dich rasiert"


Dative-reflexive verbs receive the following extensions:

Simple tenses


        Singular I     Pers Pron + [verb] + mir
        Singular II    Pers Pron + [verb] + dir
        Singular III   Pers Pron + [verb] + sich
        Plural I       Pers Pron + [verb] + uns
        Plural II      Pers Pron + [verb] + euch
        Plural III     Pers Pron + [verb] + sich
        

Example: Indikativ Präteritum, Singular II of "sich (eine Zeitung) holen" = "du holtest dir (eine Zeitung)"

Composed tenses


        Singular I     Pers Pron + [haben/sein] + mir  + Partizip II (verb)
        Singular II    Pers Pron + [haben/sein] + dir  + Partizip II (verb)
        Singular III   Pers Pron + [haben/sein] + sich + Partizip II (verb)
        Plural I       Pers Pron + [haben/sein] + uns  + Partizip II (verb)
        Plural II      Pers Pron + [haben/sein] + euch + Partizip II (verb)
        Plural III     Pers Pron + [haben/sein] + sich + Partizip II (verb)
        

Example: Indikativ Perfekt, Singular II of "sich (eine Zeitung) holen" = "du hast dir (eine Zeitung) geholt"



also see:
German verb table, overview
Reflexive verb building, example verb



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Copyright © Helmut Bischoff 2005-2018. All rights reserved
 
Copyright H.Bischoff 2005-2018. All rights reserved