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Easily learn verb conjugations with Coniuno
Easily learn verb conjugations with Coniuno
Conjugate verbs with Coniuno
Conjugate verbs in German, Dutch, English, French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, and Latin
Conjugate verbs in German, Dutch, English, French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, and Latin
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  Coniuno, verb table, Latin

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  Irregular verbs
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  Appendix
Regular verb building, rules, active verbs

Active verbs


The following tables show the default building rules that Coniuno applies to active Latin verbs.
Starting with the verb primitive, the conjugated forms are built by attaching the respective verb extensions to the verb primitive.


Example: building the Indicative, Present of the verb "amare":

 Verb:amare
Verb group:model I (ARE-verbs)
Verb primitive: am (+are)
 
Verb extensions for ARE-verbs in the Indicative, Present: o, as, at, amus, atis, ant

 Conjugated forms:
Singular I:am + obecomes "amo"
Singular II: am + as becomes "amas"
Singular III:am + at becomes "amat"
Plural I: am + amus becomes "amamus"
Plural II: am + atis becomes "amatis"
Plural III: am + ant becomes "amant"


Default building rules for regular, active verbs

Indicative, Active

Present (built using the Present primitive)


                   I (are)    II (ere)   III-io     III        IV (ire)
           -------------------------------------------------------------
                   o          eo         io         o          io
                   as         es         is         is         is
                   at         et         it         it         it
                   amus       emus       imus       imus       imus
                   atis       etis       itis       itis       itis
                   ant        ent        iunt       unt        iunt
        

Imperfect (built using the Present primitive)


                   I (are)    II (ere)   III-io     III        IV (ire)
           -------------------------------------------------------------
                   abam       ebam       iebam      ebam       iebam
                   abas       ebas       iebas      ebas       iebas
                   abat       ebat       iebat      ebat       iebat
                   abamus     ebamus     iebamus    ebamus     iebamus
                   abatis     ebatis     iebatis    ebatis     iebatis
                   abant      ebant      iebant     ebant      iebant
        

Future I (built using the Present primitive)


                   I (are)    II (ere)   III-io     III        IV (ire)
           -------------------------------------------------------------
                   abo        ebo        iam        am         iam
                   abis       ebis       ies        es         ies
                   abit       ebit       iet        et         iet
                   abimus     ebimus     iemus      emus       iemus
                   abitis     ebitis     ietis      etis       ietis
                   abunt      ebunt      ient       ent        ient
        

Perfect (built using the Perfect primitive)


                   I (are)    II (ere)   III-io     III        IV (ire)
           -------------------------------------------------------------
                   avi        ui         i          i          ivi
                   avisti     uisti      isti       isti       ivisti
                   avit       uit        it         it         ivit
                   avimus     uimus      imus       imus       ivimus
                   avistis    uistis     istis      istis      ivistis
                   averunt    uerunt     erunt      erunt      iverunt
        

Pluperfect (built using the Perfect primitive)


                   I (are)    II (ere)   III-io     III        IV (ire)
           -------------------------------------------------------------
                   averam     ueram      eram       eram       iveram
                   averas     ueras      eras       eras       iveras
                   averat     uerat      erat       erat       iverat
                   averamus   ueramus    eramus     eramus     iveramus
                   averatis   ueratis    eratis     eratis     iveratis
                   averant    uerant     erant      errant     iverant
        

Future II (built using the Perfect primitive)


                   I (are)    II (ere)   III-io     III        IV (ire)
           -------------------------------------------------------------
                   avero      uero       ero        ero        ivero
                   averis     ueris      eris       eris       iveris
                   averit     uerit      erit       erit       iverit
                   averimus   uerimus    erimus     erimus     iverimus
                   averitis   ueritis    eritis     eritis     iveritis
                   averint    uerint     erint      erint      iverint
        

Subjunctive, Active

Present (built using the Present primitive)


                   I (are)    II (ere)   III-io     III        IV (ire)
           -------------------------------------------------------------
                   em         eam        iam        am         iam
                   es         eas        ias        as         ias
                   et         eat        iat        at         iat
                   emus       eamus      iamus      amus       iamus
                   etis       eatis      iatis      atis       iatis
                   ent        eant       iant       ant        iant
        

Imperfect (built using the Present primitive)


                   I (are)    II (ere)   III-io     III        IV (ire)
           -------------------------------------------------------------
                   arem       erem       erem       erem       irem
                   ares       eres       eres       eres       ires
                   aret       eret       eret       eret       iret
                   aremus     eremus     eremus     eremus     iremus
                   aretis     eretis     eretis     eretis     iretis
                   arent      erent      erent      erent      irent
        

Perfect (built using the Perfect primitive)


                   I (are)    II (ere)   III-io     III        IV (ire)
           -------------------------------------------------------------
                   averim     uerim      erim       erim       iverim
                   averis     ueris      eris       eris       iveris
                   averit     uerit      erit       erit       iverit
                   averimus   uerimus    erimus     erimus     iverimus
                   averitis   ueritis    eritis     eritis     iveritis
                   averint    uerint     erint      erint      iverint
        

Pluperfect (built using the Perfect primitive)


                   I (are)    II (ere)   III-io     III        IV (ire)
           -------------------------------------------------------------
                   avissem    uissem     issem      issem      ivissem
                   avisses    uisses     isses      isses      ivisses
                   avisset    uisset     isset      isset      ivisset
                   avissemus  uissemus   issemus    issemus    ivissemus
                   avissetis  uissetis   issetis    issetis    ivissetis
                   avissent   uissent    issent     issent     ivissent
        

Others, Active

Imperative I (built using the Present primitive)


                   I (are)    II (ere)   III-io     III        IV (ire)
           -------------------------------------------------------------
                   -          -          -          -          -
                   a          e          e          e          i
                   -          -          -          -          -
                   -          -          -          -          -
                   ate        ete        ite        ite        ite
                   -          -          -          -          -
        

Imperative II (built using the Present primitive)


                   I (are)    II (ere)   III-io     III        IV (ire)
           -------------------------------------------------------------
                   -          -          -          -          -
                   ato        eto        ito        ito        ito
                   ato        eto        ito        ito        ito
                   -          -          -          -          -
                   atote      etote      itote      itote      itote
                   anto       ento       iunto      unto       iunto
        

Gerund (built using the Present primitive)


                       I (are)    II (ere)   III-io       III          IV (ire)
           ---------------------------------------------------------------------
           Gerund      andi       endi       iendi        endi         iendi
        

Supine (built using the PPP primitive)


                       I (are)    II (ere)   III-io       III          IV (ire)
           ---------------------------------------------------------------------
           Supine I    atum       itum       tum          tum          itum
           Supine II   atu        itu        tu           tu           itu
        

Participle (built using the present, respectively PPP primitive)


                       I (are)    II (ere)   III-io       III          IV (ire)
           ---------------------------------------------------------------------
           Present     ans        ens        iens         ens          iens
           Future      aturus     iturus     iturus       turus        iturus
        


also see:
Latin verb table, overview
Regular verbs, rules, general
Regular verbs, rules, passive verbs



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Copyright © Helmut Bischoff 2005-2018. All rights reserved
 
Copyright H.Bischoff 2005-2018. All rights reserved