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Easily learn verb conjugations with Coniuno
Easily learn verb conjugations with Coniuno
Conjugate verbs with Coniuno
Conjugate verbs in German, Dutch, English, French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, and Latin
Conjugate verbs in German, Dutch, English, French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, and Latin
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  Coniuno, verb table, Latin

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Regular verb building, rules, passive verbs

Passive verbs


The following tables show the default building rules that Coniuno applies to passive Latin verbs.
Starting with the verb primitive, the conjugated forms are built by attaching the respective verb extensions to the verb primitive.


Example: building the Indicative, Present of the verb "amare":

 Verb:amare
Verb group:model I (ARE-verbs)
Verb primitive: am (+are)
 
Verb extensions for ARE-verbs in the Indicative, Present: or, aris, atur, amur, amini, antur

 Conjugated forms:
Singular I:am + orbecomes "amor"
Singular II: am + aris becomes "amaris"
Singular III:am + atur becomes "amatur"
Plural I: am + amur becomes "amamur"
Plural II: am + aminibecomes "amamini"
Plural III: am + anturbecomes "amantur"

Note that passive verbs change the Participle Perfect Passive depending on singular / plural- as well as on male / female forms. This is valid for tenses Indicative Perfect, Pluperfect and Future II as well as Subjunctive Perfect and Pluperfect (these are the tenses that are built with the Perfect primitive in the active forms, respectively the PPP perfect in the passive forms). Here, the following applies:

 Singular male:Participle Perfect Passive (verb) + us(e.g. amatus sum)
Plural male: Participle Perfect Passive (verb) + i (e.g. amati sumus)
Singular female: Participle Perfect Passive (verb) + a (e.g. amata sum)
Plural female: Participle Perfect Passive (verb) + ae (e.g. amatae sumus)


Default building rules for regular, passive verbs

Indicative, Passive

Present (built using the Present primitive)


                   I (are)    II (ere)   III-io     III        IV (ire)
           -------------------------------------------------------------
                   or         eor        ior        or         ior
                   aris       eris       eris       eris       iris
                   atur       etur       itur       itur       itur
                   amur       emur       imur       imur       imur
                   amini      emini      imini      imini      imini
                   antur      entur      iuntur     untur      iuntur
        

Imperfect (built using the Present primitive)


                   I (are)    II (ere)   III-io     III        IV (ire)
           -------------------------------------------------------------
                   abar       ebar       iebar      ebar       iebar
                   abaris     ebaris     iebaris    ebaris     iebaris
                   abatur     ebatur     iebatur    ebatur     iebatur
                   abamur     ebamur     iebamur    ebamur     iebamur
                   abamini    ebamini    iebamini   ebamini    iebamini
                   abantur    ebantur    iebantur   ebantur    iebantur
        

Future I (built using the Present primitive)


                   I (are)    II (ere)   III-io     III        IV (ire)
           -------------------------------------------------------------
                   abor       ebor       iar        ar         iar
                   aberis     eberis     ieris      eris       ieris
                   abitur     ebitur     ietur      etur       ietur
                   abimur     ebimur     iemur      emur       iemur
                   abimini    ebimini    iemini     emini      iemini
                   abuntur    ebuntur    ientur     entur      ientur
        

Perfect (built using the PPP primitive)


                   I (are)    II (ere)   III-io     III        IV (ire)
           -------------------------------------------------------------
                   Participle-Perfect-Passive (verb) + sum
                   Participle-Perfect-Passive (verb) + es
                   Participle-Perfect-Passive (verb) + est
                   Participle-Perfect-Passive (verb) + sumus
                   Participle-Perfect-Passive (verb) + estis
                   Participle-Perfect-Passive (verb) + sunt
        

Pluperfect (built using the PPP primitive)


                   I (are)    II (ere)   III-io     III        IV (ire)
           -------------------------------------------------------------
                   Participle-Perfect-Passive (verb) + eram
                   Participle-Perfect-Passive (verb) + eras
                   Participle-Perfect-Passive (verb) + erat
                   Participle-Perfect-Passive (verb) + eramus
                   Participle-Perfect-Passive (verb) + eratis
                   Participle-Perfect-Passive (verb) + erant
        

Future II (built using the PPP primitive)


                   I (are)    II (ere)   III-io     III        IV (ire)
           -------------------------------------------------------------
                   Participle-Perfect-Passive (verb)+ ero
                   Participle-Perfect-Passive (verb)+ eris
                   Participle-Perfect-Passive (verb)+ erit
                   Participle-Perfect-Passive (verb)+ erimus
                   Participle-Perfect-Passive (verb)+ eritis
                   Participle-Perfect-Passive (verb)+ erunt
        

Subjunctive, Passive

Present (built using the Present primitive)


                   I (are)    II (ere)   III-io     III        IV (ire)
           -------------------------------------------------------------
                   er         ear        iar        ar         iar
                   eris       earis      iaris      aris       iaris
                   etur       eatur      iatur      atur       iatur
                   emur       eamur      iamur      amur       iamur
                   emini      eamini     iamini     amini      iamini
                   entur      eantur     iantur     antur      iantur
        

Imperfect (built using the Present primitive)


                   I (are)    II (ere)   III-io     III        IV (ire)
           -------------------------------------------------------------
                   arer       erer       erer       erer       irer
                   areris     ereris     ereris     ereris     ireris
                   aretur     eretur     eretur     eretur     iretur
                   aremur     eremur     eremur     eremur     iremur
                   aremini    eremini    eremini    eremini    iremini
                   arentur    erentur    erentur    erentur    irentur
        

Perfect (built using the PPP primitive)


                   I (are)    II (ere)   III-io     III        IV (ire)
           -------------------------------------------------------------
                   Participle-Perfect-Passive (verb) + sim
                   Participle-Perfect-Passive (verb) + sis
                   Participle-Perfect-Passive (verb) + sit
                   Participle-Perfect-Passive (verb) + simus
                   Participle-Perfect-Passive (verb) + sitis
                   Participle-Perfect-Passive (verb) + sint
        

Pluperfect (built using the PPP primitive)


                   I (are)    II (ere)   III-io     III        IV (ire)
           -------------------------------------------------------------
                   Participle -Perfect-Passive (verb) + essem
                   Participle -Perfect-Passive (verb) + esses
                   Participle -Perfect-Passive (verb) + esset
                   Participle -Perfect-Passive (verb) + essemus
                   Participle -Perfect-Passive (verb) + essetis
                   Participle -Perfect-Passive (verb) + essent
        

Others, Passive

Gerundiv (built using the Present primitive)


                       I (are)    II (ere)   III-io       III         IV (ire)
           ---------------------------------------------------------------------
           Gerundiv    andus      endus      iendus       endus       iendus
        

Participle (built using the PPP primitive)


                       I (are)    II (ere)   III-io       III         IV (ire)
           ---------------------------------------------------------------------
           PPP         atus       itus       itus         tus         itus
        


also see:
Latin verb table, overview
Regular verbs, rules, general
Regular verbs, rules, active verbs



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Copyright © Helmut Bischoff 2005-2018. All rights reserved
 
Copyright H.Bischoff 2005-2018. All rights reserved