Dutch verbs, general information
Coniuno recognizes Dutch verbs generally by their verb ending "EN".
In addition to that Coniuno differentiates between strong, weak and irregular verbs.
- Weark verbs are verbs that are built regularly.
- Strong verbs are verbs, that are built irregularly in the "Indicatief", "Onvoltooid verleden tijd" (OVT/Past), as well as "Voltooid deelwoord" (VD / Past Participle).
- Irregular verbs are verbs, that are built differently compared to the regular rules as well as compared to the strong building rules.
Coniuno stores strong verbs in lists, that can be modified by you on demand (also see: Appendix list of strong verbs, and list of verbs that shall not be treated as strong verbs).
Coniuno supports the following Dutch tenses:
Mood Indicatief (Indicative)
OTT - Onvoltooid tegenwoordige tijd (Present)
OVT - Onvoltooid verleden tijd (Past)
VTT - Voltooid tegenwoordige tijd (Present Perfect)
VVT - Voltooid verleden tijd (Past Perfect)
OTTT - Onvoltooid tegenwoordige toekomende tijd (Future I)
VTTT - Voltooid tegenwoordige toekomende tijd (Future II)
Mood Conditionalis (Conditional)
OVTT - Onvoltooid verleden toekomende tijd (Conditional I)
VVTT - Voltooid verleden toekomende tijd (Conditional II)
Onvoltooid Deelwoord (Present Participle)
Zelfstandig Naamwoord (Gerundium)
VD - Voltooid Deelwoord (Past Participle)
Auxiliary verbs / modal verbs
For building Dutch verbs the auxiliary verbs "hebben" and "zijn", as well as the modal verb "zullen" is used.
In addition the auxiliary verb "worden" is used to build passive verbs.
The following conjugation rules apply:
Conjugation forms with "hebben" or "zijn"
- Indicatief, VTT - Voltooid tegenwoordige tijd (Present Perfect)
- Indicatief, VVT - Voltooid verleden tijd (Past Perfect)
- Most Dutch verbs are build with auxiliary verb "hebben" in the VTT and VVT.
Coniuno stores verbs that are conjugated with "zijn" in a separate list that can be modified by you on demand (see appendix: zijn verbs). Verbs that can be conjugated with "hebben" or "zijn", are generally built with "hebben" by Coniuno. As information, Coniuno shows as auxiliary verb "zijn/hebben". Also these verbs are stored in a separate list that can be maintained (see appendix: zijn/hebben verbs).
Conjugation forms with "zullen"
- Indicatief, OTTT - Onvoltooid tegenwoordige toekomende tijd (Future I)
- Indicatief, VTTT - Voltooid tegenwoordige toekomende tijd (Future II)
- Conditionalis, OVTT - Onvoltooid verleden toekomende tijd (Conditional I)
- Conditionalis, VVTT - Voltooid verleden toekomende tijd (Conditional II)
Conjugation of the auxiliary verbs:
Modal verbs are used in the Dutch language to express / describe a wish or a possibility of an action or an event (example: "I work as fast as I can" - "ik werk zo snel ik kan"). The modal verb "mogen" comes along with the form "hoefen", to express negative statements, like "you don't need to do shopping" - "jij hoeft geen boodschappen te doen".
Conjugation of the modal verbs:
Dutch Verb Table, Overview