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Easily learn verb conjugations with Coniuno
Easily learn verb conjugations with Coniuno
Conjugate verbs with Coniuno
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Conjugate verbs in German, Dutch, English, French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, and Latin
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  Coniuno, verb table, Latin

  General information
  Regular verbs
  Irregular verb-endings
  Irregular verbs
  Deponent and semi-deponent verbs
  Appendix
Building deponent and semi-deponent verbs

Deponent verbs


Coniuno supports building deponent and semi-deponent verbs, which are recognised by the following verb extensions:

 -"ARI" in case of model I verbs example verb hortari
-"ERI" in case of model II verbs example verb vereri
-with help of the list for model III-io verbsexample verb aggredi
-with help of the list for model III verbs example verb elabi
-"IRI" in case of model IV verbs example verb moliri

Deponent verbs are built as passive verbs, however have active usage.
Semi-deponent verbs are built active in the Present primitive-tenses and passive in the Perfect primitive tenses. An exception here is the verb "reverti" (see below).


Verbs ending on "ari" as model I deponents:


          Verb primitive + ari (e.g. hortari)
          -----------------------------------------------------------
          Present = Verb primitive + or        (here: hortor)
          Perfect = Verb primitive + atus sum  (here: hortatus sum)
        

Verbs ending on "eri" as model II deponents:


          Verb primitive + eri (e.g. vereri)
          -----------------------------------------------------------
          Present = Verb primitive + eor       (here: vereor)
          Perfect = Verb primitive + itus sum  (here: veritus sum)
        

Verbs of the model III-io and model III conjugation

Deponent verbs of the model III-io and model III conjugation must be made known in Coniuno with help of the function "Irregular verb-info administration", as these verbs don’t have default verb-extensions (automatic detection of these verbs is not possible). Note further that deponent verbs always built the Present- and Perfect tenses in passive.


Example-deponent of the model III-io conjugation:


          Example: aggredi
        

          Present = Verb primitive + edior      (here: aggredior)
          Perfect = Verb primitive + essus sum  (here: aggressus sum)
        

Example-deponent of the model III conjugation:


          Example: elabi
        

          Present = Verb primitive + abor       (here: elabor)
          Perfect = Verb primitive + apsus sum  (here: elapsus sum)
        

Verbs ending on "iri" as model IV deponents:


          Verb primitive + iri (e.g. moliri)
          -----------------------------------------------------------
          Present = Verb primitive + ior       (here: molior)
          Perfect = Verb primitive + itus sum  (here: molitus sum)
        

For hints regarding building the Imperative tenses, see further below.


Semi-deponent verbs

Coniuno recognises the following semi-deponent verbs automatically:

Semi-deponents of the model II conjugation


            Verb        Present       Perfect
        ---------------------------------------------------
         audere      audeo         ausus sum
         gaudere     gaudeo        gavisus sum
         solere      soleo         solitus sum
        

Semi-deponents of the model III conjugation


            Verb        Present       Perfect (active)  Perfect (passive) 
        --------------------------------------------------------------
         fidere      fido          -                fisus sum
         confidere   confido       -                confisus sum
         diffidere   diffido       -                diffisus sum
         reverti     reverto       reverti          reversus sum
        

Note that semi-deponents build the Present tenses in active and the Perfect tenses in passive. An exception is the verb "reverti", which builds the Present tenses in passive and the Perfect tenses in active.

For hints regarding building the Imperative tenses, see further below.


Building the Imperative tenses

The Imperative tenses are built for deponent- and semi-deponent verbs with help of the following verb extensions:


                              I (ari)  II (eri)  IV (iri)  III-io  III  
          ------------------------------------------------------------------
           Imperative I
        
           Singular I         -        -         -         -       -
           Singular II        are      ere       iri       ere     ere
           Singular III       -        -         -         -       -
           Plural I           -        -         -         -       -
           Plural II          amini    emini     imini     imini   imini
           Plural III         -        -         -         -       -
                 
           Imperative II
        
           Singular I         -        -         -         -       -
           Singular II        ator     etor      itor      itor    itor
           Singular III       ator     etor      itor      itor    itor
           Plural I           -        -         -         -       -
           Plural II (*1)     -        -         -         -       -
           Plural III         antor    entor     iuntor    iuntor  untor
        

(*1) The plural II is not supported for (semi-)deponents.



also see:
Latin verb table, overview
Regular verbs, rules, general
Regular verbs, rules, active verbs
Regular verbs, rules, passive verbs
Deponent- and semi-deponent verb, overview



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Copyright © Helmut Bischoff 2005-2018. All rights reserved
 
Copyright H.Bischoff 2005-2018. All rights reserved